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In the United States, a leading health concern is coronary heart disease. Currently, this health concern is amounting to over 370,000 deaths per year. Individual’s with a coronary heart disease suffer from plaque, a waxy substance, buildup that can have a serious impact on an individual’s health. Subsequently, the buildup of unwanted plaque results in the narrowing of the individual’s arteries. This narrowing allows for the reduction of proper oxygen-rich blood flow to the individual’s heart. In order to combat this, individuals have options, one being to elect to have a heart stent procedure.

In today’s society there are hundreds of thousands individuals that have chosen to have a heart stent implanted due to health complications.

Heart stents, in the past, were primary made using bare-metal or mesh and are still presently an option. Although, for over a little more than a decade, drug-eluting stents have been manufactured, approved and used in the United Stated as well. Two popular types of drug-eluting stents being used currently are the Boston Scientific Taxus Stent and the Johnson & Johnson Cypher Stent. Regardless of the type, all of the heart stents are the subject of some criticism and documented complaints due to their potential risks and side effect(s).

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In the early weeks of October, passengers riding the Long Island Rail Road (L.I.R.R.) commuter train began to hear loud sounds, feel robust vibrations and see wild sparks while glancing outside their train’s window. Then an abrupt impact occurred. As a result, the passengers were confined in the blackened trains while waiting for rescue for an hour after two L.I.R.R. trains collided.

The collision resulted in injuries to at least thirty-three passengers, seriously injuring four. Of those injured, 26 were passengers and seven were employees. Additionally, close to 100 passengers were treated for minor injuries at the scene.

One of the trains involved was a single-car maintenance car and the other was a 12-car L.I.R.R. commuter train traveling eastward. The commuter train was occupied with about 600 people total at the time of the impact with the maintenance car.

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A New Jersey Transit commuter rail train plowed through Hoboken Station during rush hour on September 29, 2016, killing one person and injured hundreds, some critically. While the investigation into the trains’ derailment is ongoing, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has identified speed and human error as the most probable causes. According to the NTSB, data recorders and video cameras indicate that the train was traveling at twice the 10 mile per hour speed limit just before impact. Their findings also indicated that he engineer applied the hand brake on the train less than a second before impact sending the train airborne.

At approximately 8:45 A.M. the NJ Transit Train crashed into Hoboken Station crushing a structural support beam causing part of the station’s roof to collapse onto the train. The train ultimately came to rest inside part of the station’s waiting area and platform. Witness reported twisted metal, debris, broken glass, concrete and hundreds of frantic and injured commuters trying to escape the wreckage.

Hoboken Staten is the fifth busiest station in the NJ Transit System, servicing more than 15,000 commuters per day. Situated on the Hudson River across from New York City, Hoboken is the final stop multiple train lines and a transfer point for commuters boarding ferries or PATH trains into the city.

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In 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the Conceptus Inc., a subsidiary of Bayer since 2013, manufactured Essure Permanent Birth Control System. The contraceptive is marketed as the “only permanent birth control you can get with a non-surgical procedure.” Furthermore, a focal marketing attribute of Essure is that the procedure is quick, most times only lasting approximately 10 minutes and can be executed without the need for any anesthesia. Also, the procedure is done with no need for incisions during the entirety of the process. The procedure consists of implanting a small flexible coil, that reaches 1.5 inches once implanted and expanded. The doctor implants the coil through the cervix and vagina ultimately positioning it at the entrance of each fallopian tube.

According to a clinical study, produced by the makers of the birth control system, Essure was allegedly shown to maintain an almost perfect percentage of effectiveness in preventing pregnancies. Although, many of the women that have used Essure would strongly disagree as well as complain about the various side effects they have suffered from having the procedure.

Since the product’s existence there have been around 10,000 documented complaints due to ineffectiveness and various side effects, even multiple deaths, related to Essure. The side effects, include but are not limited to, are:

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On May 12, 2015, a devastating derailment of a Pennsylvania Amtrak train occurred. The Amtrak train was occupied by a little over 240 people when the accident transpired. The derailment ensued while the train was traveling at over double the intended speed limit as it approached a curve. Also, the derailment occurred while the engineer responsible for driving the train was reportedly (according to the National Transportation Safety Board) distracted by radio traffic.

Of those on board, approximately 200 people sustained injuries and eight individuals were killed as a result of the Amtrak derailment.

Subsequently, several lawsuits have been brought by the passengers and employees of Amtrak that were negatively affected by the May 2015 derailment of the Pennsylvania Amtrak train. Currently, Amtrak is in the settlement process and, in a couple of those lawsuits, Amtrak has agreed to settlement terms with those that have brought suit.

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With the present day evolution of transportation vehicles coupled with the steady use of transportation services, a shift towards focusing on the backseat car passenger’s safety is of the upmost concern. Transportation services and ride sharing applications, such as Uber or Lyft, have contributed to the necessary focus and advancement in back seat passenger safety. The emphasis of backseat safety is substantially due to the overall increase of backseat passengers that are becoming more and more popular in today’s society. In order to further progress in the area of backseat safety new testing techniques and standards are being put into place.

In the forefront of these safety testing techniques is the use of crash-test dummies in the backseats of vehicles during safety testing. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NTSA) plans to use the backseat crash-test dummies as a means of furthering backseat safety procedures and collecting valuable safety data. Previously, the NTSA only used crash-test dummies in the driver and front passenger’s sides during safety testing.

Beginning in 2019, the NTSA plans to start using the backseat safety crash-dummies and the information gathered from the backseat safety crash-dummies as a part of their overall 5-Star Safety Ratings Program. This approach will allow for a new form of gauging the vehicle’s total safety, not only on the driver and front passenger areas as in the past safety testing strategies.

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When a train accident occurs the damage can be devastating and have a lasting impact on all those involved. Many times the victims are left with overwhelming medical expenses and other expenditures related to the accident as a result. After an accident the sufferers must be made whole again, but due to the regulated maximum amount in which Amtrak is allowed to compensate the collective victims of a single train accident it may leave victims in need of more.

In 1997, the Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act (“the Act”) was passed by legislation to control the amount that Amtrak could be found liable in a single train accident lawsuit. According to the Act, legislation capped the “aggregate allowable awards to all rail passengers, against all defendants, for all claims, including claims for punitive damages, arising from a single accident or incident, shall not exceed $200,000,000.” This tort reform is attached collectively to all victims of single railroad accidents, regardless of the total number of suffering parties seeking damages in the given lawsuit. When the Act was established, the aim of the provision was to ensure that railroad processes would be able to maintain operations during periods of substantial lawsuits against their company.

Unfortunately, the capped amount is not allowing for adequate compensation to all victims of railroad accidents. The federal limit cap does not account for inflation, dating from approximately two decades ago as it was enacted by Bill Clinton while in office. Also, because of the pre-established amount of $200 million the victims and their families are not afforded the opportunity to use the judicial system and its procedures to determine the appropriate amount for their total suffering. Families are finding out that the 1997 provision is not allowing for enough reparation to ensure the expenses produced by the train accident can be paid in full, such as medical expenses and lost wages, because the statute sets the firm limit at $200 million.

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In 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approve the blood thinner Pradaxa. Pradaxa was used by patients to prevent blood clots from forming due to the individual’s irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation). The drug was produced by German manufacturer Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals as a substitute to the drug warfarin. Initially, Pradaxa was advertised as a safe blood thinner that did not require patient dietary restrictions (unlike warfarin that requires dietary restrictions as well as weekly exams) and was readily prescribed to patients by their doctors.

Although only a year after the drug was approved by the U.S. FDA in 2011, over 540 patients died from using of the drug Pradaxa, while thousands also were left suffering from negative side effects because of the drug according to the FDA data. Family members of the deceased and those who have experienced negative side effects brought lawsuits against the German manufacturer Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals (Boehringer).

  • Side effects of Pradaxa include, but are not limited to:
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Among the hazards in choosing a career in the railroad is the presence of and exposure to asbestos, which was readily used in the 20th century railroad companies because of its lastingness and durability. Asbestos was used in the creation of many of the train’s various components, railroad equipment and several types of insulation dating to the 1930s. Asbestos materials are released into the air as microscopic materials and are inhaled by individuals and can have detrimental impact on that individual’s health and life overall.

The practice of using asbestos in the railroad industry was consistent for decades, until Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) stepped in and limited the overall used of asbestos in the production of train components in the 1970s. Although, some railroad companies chose to still use asbestos into the 1980s.

Many railroad companies allegedly knew of the risks associated with the dangers of using asbestos, yet chose not to warn their employees of such hazards associated with their occupational contact and exposure to asbestos. Exposure to asbestos has been linked to:

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A staggering number of families have made claims against the drug manufacturing company GlaxoSmithKline. These claims are centered around GlaxoSmithKline’s drug Zofran (the generic form of which is named ondansetron and is commonly used to prevent nausea, vomiting and other sicknesses in cancer patients during various cancer surgeries, chemotherapy and radiation therapy) and that Zofran factored into negative effects as a result of being prescribed and consuming the drug while pregnant, particularly in terms of various types of birth defects.

Zofran is a drug that frequently can be prescribed and used in attempts to cure morning sickness in pregnant females. Many of the women are prescribed Zofran during their first trimester (due to the large amount of nausea and overall morning sickness experienced during that specific period of their pregnancy). Furthermore, research has found that during the first trimester of the pregnancy the fetus is its most vulnerable. Thus the fetus can be negatively affected by outside elements that factor into proper human development, such as the Zofran drug taken by their pregnant mothers during pregnancy.

The FDA has recognized Zofran a Category B pregnancy medication. This recognition has been given to Zofran because a properly controlled testing of the drug’s safety is unavailable to be done on pregnant women. Although, researchers have continued to examine the effects of Zofran by observing infants, whose mothers took Zofran, after their birth. Many researchers have found an increase in negative effects among those infants, when compared to infants whose mothers did not take Zofran during pregnancy. The birth defects of Zofran include: